Your eyes adapt and change throughout your life, which is why it’s important to visit your optometrist at least once each year for a comprehensive exam. During your appointment, one of our skilled optometric technicians will perform a variety of tests to ensure that your eyes are healthy, and that there aren’t any problems lingering beneath the surface of your cornea that you may not otherwise notice.
Because we aren’t able to see directly through your eye to make sure that there aren’t problems developing below the surface, we will conduct a series of tests to ensure that they’re functioning properly during your routine eye exam. If we notice anything out of the ordinary, we’ll be able to diagnose the issue and develop a treatment plan before the problem gets any worse.
Using our digital eye chart, we’ll measure the sharpness of your sight by having you read a series of letters and numbers from afar. This will also allow us to gauge whether you’re farsighted or nearsighted, based on which lines you can read the best.
Color blindness tests can detect any hereditary color vision issues as well as alert Dr. Ajoian to any underlying health issues that could be impacting your color vision. The Ishihara Color Vision Test is a common way to screen for this issue. We’ll have you determine the number hidden in several circular, dotted pattern that are each composed of seemingly random colors.
To test your ocular alignment, we’ll ask you to focus on an object across the room and cover each of your eyes at separate times to examine how they adjust to view it. This test allows us to diagnose problems that could cause eye strain, such as having a lazy eye or crossed eyes.
To determine how well your eyes are able to follow moving objects or quickly identify two separate targets, we’ll have you hold your head in one position while following the movement of a hand-held light. This will allow us to determine problems that could cause eye strain or affect other skills, such as playing sports.
Depth perception is simply your ability to be able to identify where an object is in 3D space. To do this, we will have you wear a pair of “3D” glasses and look at a booklet of small circles to identify which looks the closest to see how you perceive an object’s location in space.
To help determine an approximate eyeglass prescription, we’ll conduct a retinoscopy. After dimming the lights in the room, we’ll ask you to focus on one of the letters on the eye chart. To determine how light reflects from your eye, we’ll flip through the lenses and shine it in front of your eyes to estimate the power of your prescription.
Refraction tests allow us to determine your exact eyeglass prescription. This is where Dr. Ajoian will ask you to choose between two or more separate lenses, flipping between them to see which one helps you easily identify the letters on the eye chart.
With your chin rested on a small platform, we’ll use an autorefractor to accurately determine your prescription strength. This is a relatively fast and accurate way to determine prescriptions for patients who may have a difficult time sitting still.
Using a sliding slit lamp and a high magnification lens, we’ll be able to conduct a more detailed examination of the anterior and posterior cavities of your eye. These include your cornea, lens, iris, and even your optic nerve. This test allows us to view signs of cataracts, macular degeneration (the loss of central vision), and a variety of other issues.
Glaucoma is a disease that causes fluid buildup in the front of the eye, which increases the overall pressure in your eye, eventually impacting your optic nerve. Using a gentle puff of air (that surprises patients every time), we can calculate your intraocular pressure and determine if you’re at risk for glaucoma.
Dilating drops allow us to get a better view of the inside of your eye, alerting us to any signs of eye disease. This test will make you sensitive to light, so be sure to bring a pair of sunglasses with you if you know you’ll be having your pupils dilated.
To test for the presence of blind spots, also known as scotomas, in your peripheral vision, we’ll conduct a visual field test. An example of this test is having you describe what’s in your peripheral view.
By bringing your entire family for their annual eye exams, we can help protect your loved ones’ eyes and ensure that there aren’t any problems lingering beneath the surface. It’s important to remember that even if you have perfect eyesight, it doesn’t always mean that your eyes are healthy. In some cases, we’re even able to alert patients to other health issues, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, just from conducting an eye exam!
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